Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Pathology may be a subspecialty within the field of drugs which deals with the study of diseases. The word Pathology derives its origin from the Greek words “Pathos” meaning “disease” and “Logos” meaning “study”. A pathological condition is that the one that's caused by a disease, instead of occurring physiologically. Pathology includes the cause, epidemiologypathogenesis, morphogenesis, and manifestations of the disease the main role of a pathologist is the prognosis, diagnosis, treatment of the disease and patient care using novel techniques. There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, genetic diseases (hereditary and non-hereditary), and physiological diseases. Pathology is a vast field and there are many branches such as Anatomical Pathology, Clinical Pathology, Psycho Pathology, Molecular Pathology and many more. Advancements in techniques used in the Pathological treatment of diseases are rapidly increasing and this field has a vast scope for development.

Clinical pathology deals with the diagnosis of disease using the laboratory testing of tissues, blood, bodily fluids etc. It also involves the microscopic evaluation of individual cells. Clinical pathology includes clinical chemistry and biology, toxicology, blood bank, immunology and serology etc. Many areas of clinical pathology overlap with the anatomical pathology. This overlap leads to increase in the molecular diagnostics and proteomics.

Molecular pathology are often defined together of the multi-disciplinary fields that focuses on the disease at the submicroscopic also as molecular level. It deals with the study and examination of the kinds of molecules present within the tissues or organs of the body. it's also called because the combination of both clinical and anatomical pathologya number of the foremost widely used techniques in molecular pathology are PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction), Karyotype imaging of chromosomes, DNA Microarrays etc.

Medical Microbiology can be defined as the branch of applied microbiology that deals with the study of the microorganisms which cause infectious diseases. It includes diagnosis, prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Microorganisms plays a vital role in the field of biotechnology and its industrial applications. Recent research has increased in the field of diagnostic microbiology which is used for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. Medical microbiology also involves the study of beneficial microbes which is helpful in combating infectious diseases and promoting health.

A case report may be a detailed report of the side effects, signs, determination, treatment and follow-up of a private patient. Pathology Case reports may contain a statistic profile of the patient, however as a rule portrays an uncommon or novel event. Some case reports likewise contain a literature review of other recorded cases.

Forensic pathology is that the study of pathology which cares with the investigation of deaths when there are medico-legal implications. Forensic pathologists generally perform autopsies. forensic medicine helps in evaluating the crime scene evidence including the witness statements. By performing an autopsy, it helps the forensic pathologists to uncover evidence of the injury or diseases.

Clinical Chemistry may be a sub-field in Laboratory Medicine which deals with the analysis of body fluids for diagnostic and analytical purposes. Clinical diagnostic tests help to assess a person’s overall health. Clinical Pathology involves testing blood and body fluids, and examination of individual cells and tissues at the microscopic level to diagnose a disease. Diagnostic Bio-markers are wont to detect them and identify the manifestation of a disease and also help in diagnosis, drug target identification and response. There are several disease and drug-related bio-markers available. the standard and safety of medicine and laboratory medicines should be monitored for minimal side effects and effective treatment during the course of drug therapy. A flow cytometer is employed to detect the presence of cancerous cells within the body by analyzing the bone marrow cells or blood cells and determining the WBC count. Clinical lab techniques convince be a necessity for understanding the pathological condition of a disease in patients.

Immunopathology are often defined generally because the branch of drugs that deals with the immune reaction which is related to the diseases. It also can be defined because the study of the pathology of varied sorts of organisms, organ systems and diseases with reference to the immune reaction and immunity. Scientists during this field bring vast development like vaccines, antibodies, therapeutics, and diagnostics.

Chemical pathology is the study and investigation of the biochemical bodily fluids such as blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluids. By understanding how and where the body’s chemistry or process has changed one can understand the cause of disease and it can be easily diagnosed and monitored. Chemical pathology is one of the best fields which bring together science and medicine.

Cytopathology is employed to assist within the diagnosis of cancer, additionally helps within the analysis of certain infectious diseases and other provocative conditions. Cancer Cytopathology is utilized on tests of free cells or tissue parts, instead of histopathology, which concentrates entire tissues. Cytopathology tests are a number of the time called smear tests on the grounds that the specimens could be covers a glass magnifying lens slide for ensuing recoloring and infinitesimal examination. In any case, cytology tests could be found out in several ways, including cytocentrifugation. Diverse kinds of smear tests may likewise be utilized for tumor determination. During this sense, it's named a cytological smear.

Histopathology, the minute investigation of natural tissues influenced by infection, can be exceptionally helpful in making a solution and in deciding the seriousness of debilitated tissues and cells and prognosis of a condition. It is used for the distinguishing proof of various effects of ailments on body tissues and perceives tumor. Histopathology units are found in many healing facilities and there are likewise autonomous private research centers. 

The renal pathology research findings are associated with light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence to obtain the accurate diagnosis. Renal Pathology or kidney pathology covers the topics toxic tubular necrosis, renal carcinomas, Diabetic glomerulosclerosis and other kidney related diseases examined under a microscope or molecular testing. Renal pathology in nephrology, toxins, tumors and Pathology of lupus glomerulonephritis are also very important to research topics for renal pathology. Medical renal diseases may affect the glomerulus, the tubules, and interstitium, the vessels, or a combination of these compartments.

Dermatopathology may be a combination of dermatology and pathology which specialise in the study of cutaneous disease at the microscopic and molecular level. Sometimes dermatologists got to do skin biopsy which is examined under the microscope to seek out out precisely the explanation for disease. Biopsies also need specialized testing like immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, microscope , flow chemistry and molecular pathogenic analysis. Dermatopathology cases may sometimes include melanoma, and other skin disorders, infectious and pediatric diseases.

Veterinary pathologists are specialists of veterinary solution who invest huge energy in the determination of ailments through the examination of animal tissue and body fluids. Other than the finding of the sicknesses in sustenance making animals, accomplice animals, zoo animals and common life, veterinary pathologists furthermore have a basic part in cure exposure and prosperity and sensible research.

Microbial pathology-the investigation of the sub-atomic instruments utilized by organisms to cause infection in people and creatures. Bacterial, protozoan, vegetation and irresistible specialist pathogens have developed a decent type of instruments to determine themselves inside the host and pick up supplements that conjointly cause mischief and infection. Microbial Pathogenesis is the investigation of the atomic systems utilized by microorganisms to cause ailment in people and creatures. Bacterial, protozoan, parasitic and viral pathogens have developed a wide assortment of instruments to build up themselves in the host and pick up supplements, which likewise cause harm and malady. Different systems of pathogenesis incorporate host guard avoidance.

Oncopathology is a branch of Cytopathology which is identified with oncology. The branch of medication that arrangements with the revolution, assurance, and treatment of malignancy are oncology. Changes in the association of ailment are extremely essential so on pathologists should be invigorated about the latest progression. The oncopathologist are stressed over the etiology and course of human threat and its assurance and avoidance. The goal of Cancer Cytopathology is to give a discourse to the exchanging of information among oncopathologists.

Bacteria are single cellular  microorganisms that lack a nuclear membrane and are dividing by binary fission. The study of bacteria called as bacteriology. Bacteriological study helps in the field of agricultural, or soil, bacteriology; clinical diagnostic bacteriology; industrial bacteriology; marine bacteriology; public-health bacteriology; sanitary, or hygienic, bacteriology; and systematic bacteriology. Major researches in this field help in development of many useful vaccines. The major advantages are the discovery of antibiotics that are helpful in the diagnosis of various types of disease. Recombinant bacteria are useful in bacteriologic research to manufacture biomolecules (e.g. interferon) needed for research and patient care.

Virology is the study of viruses, about the nucleic acid and protein that are responsible for their replication in plants, animals and humans. It reveal about the study of their distribution, biochemistry, about their histology, ecology and clinical aspects of virus. It is the scientific discipline concerned with the viruses, physiology, molecular biology and viral diseases along with their causal agents. Cells effected by viruses and the changes in its in response to the virus lead to the manifestations of viral disease.

Clinical aspects or analysis of bacterial diseases and Clinical bacteriology supports the diagnosis of diseases by different types of clinical methods.  There are different types of specimens that are used in cases report in clinical pathology. They are blood, urine, sputum, faeces, and other body fluids, which deals with the health care, especially the diagnosis and treatment of different types of disorders in our body. 

Pathogenesis is the term used to describe the origin and development of a disease. It is determined by the balance between host and virus. The pathogenesis of infectious diseases describes the mechanisms of its development, progression, and either persists or is resolved. To understand the pathogenesis of an infectious disease at the cellular and molecular levels is difficult for discovering, developing, and implementing methods to prevent infection, and to improve patient outcomes after treatment.

Digital Pathology and e-Pathology e-Pathology is defining the new paradigm of anatomic pathology. Telepathology image-based information sent to the far distance by telecommunication technology for research analysis in both academic and business side. e-Pathology may be a complete scan of a microscopic glass slide and therefore the viewing of the eSlide on a computer monitor through a digital software . The researchers in pathology look beyond the Advancements in diagnosis pathology by using the automated image analysis. the worldwide digital pathology market, valued at $1.98 billion in 2012, is estimated to succeed in $5.7 billion by 2020. The Association of Digital Pathology is that the main Association in Digital pathology field and conducts annual Pathology meetings. Ventana, Leica, Philips, GE Healthcare are the most competitors for Digital Pathology software updates and new releases.